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Oriental Rug Cleaners  

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Top Rated PDX Rug Cleaning 

Renaissance Rug Cleaners is the place for top-rated local Oriental carpet cleaning. Whether bringing new life to tired old rugs or a simple spring cleaning, our staff of rug experts is here to provide top-rated rug cleaning services to clients in Portland and beyond. Drop-off rug cleaning or pick rug cleaning service available 

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Oriental Rug Repair 


Renaissance is Portland's top local hand repair workshop for oriental carpets. All of our work is done meticulously by hand to preserve the look and value of your fine handwoven carpets and rugs. 

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Types of Oriental rugs 

 

 

 PERSIAN CARPETS

Persian rugs or Iranian carpets are one in the same Persia changed its name to Iran in 1934. Iran produces a wide range of hand-woven rugs and textiles in three distinct economic environments. 

 

  • Home workshop weaving; weavers work at home either contracted to make rugs or their own designs to sell at the market. This includes tribal rug weaving. 

  • Village collective rug weaving workshops or employed by a company 

  • Large weaving production workshops 

 

Iran is perhaps best known for its high knot count and finely woven workshop rugs from cities such as Qum, Isfahan, Kashan, and Tabriz. Most finely woven Iranian rugs come from these cities; however, some smaller towns make equally fine rugs that are often lumped in with their big city neighbors. 

 

The variety of colors and designs in Iranian rug weaving is so broad that it's impossible to cover them all. Rug weaving is more than a job; it's woven into the fabric of Iranian society and culture, pun intended. \

 

 

Tabriz Rugs- In the NW of Iran is the city of Tabriz, with a rug weaving history that has existed for over millennia. By the 12th century, Tabriz had reached a high degree of expertise in rug weaving, and their rugs were coveted by royalty. Today the weaving tradition in Tabriz still exists, and a wide variety of rug designs are woven there, from traditional rug designs dating back hundreds of years to contemporary designs.  

 

 

Tehran Rugs- Some rug weaving has likely existed in Tehran for hundreds of years. Commercial rug production dates to the late 19th century; the rug workshops in Tehran made good rugs of medium to high knot count, similar to Kashan and other workshops. 

 

 

 

Qum Rugs- Qum has more recently, in the past 50 years, become a major rug-producing city in Iran. Qum is best known for all silk rugs made in moderate to high knot counts. Vintage rugs can be all wool or wool and silk mix, and today, many Iranians believe Qum rugs are the best Persian rugs 

 

 

Kashan Rugs-  These rugs utilize a Persian Knot and exhibit a velvet-like pile of the finest wool. Usually woven with Shah Abbas rosettes or an attractive central medallion, encased in an intricate floral design surrounded by a red field with delicate scrolls in the border.

 

 

Isfahan: These are generally the most expensive rugs produced in Iran today. They use a short, dense pile with knots exceeding 600 per sq. in. These rugs range in size from 3 feet x 5 feet to 11 feet x 16 feet and usually have a light background with pastel tones and mild tones of red and blue.

 

Mashed: Situated in the very western part of Iran, Meshed rugs are usually medium to heavy in thickness. The colors are deep reds and ground and use of deep blue to navy tones in floral design. Meshed carpets can be found in small sizes but are most common in 8x10 or larger rugs. Oversized rugs are common.  

 

Kerman: These rugs commonly feature medallions in an open field of Ivory, cream, blue, and light green. Kerman rugs are woven in all sizes from 2x3 to larger than 12x20 sizes and are generally medium to heavy in weight.

 

Shiraz: Shiraz is a collection center for the Fars province in southern Iran. Many tribal rugs are woven in the Fars province by Luri, Q'ashqai, Bakhitiari, and Khamseh. The classic shiraz rug is woven by Qashqai weavers in the area with bright reds, blue and orange colors almost exclusively on wool foundation. 

 

Gabbeh rugs: Are woven in the Fars province by Qashqai and Luri weavers, often done by contract weavers through companies such as Zollanvari rugs. Gabbeh carpets are thick and lush with excellent quality local wool from sheep ranged in the Zagros mountains.  

 

 

 

Hamadan: Hamadan is both a town and province in western Iran. Hamadan rugs are a lower knot count exceeding 225 knots per square inch and can have a cotton or wool foundation, and some rugs a mix of both. Their design features include geometric and floral designs. A wide range of rugs are made in Hamadan province, and some go by names other than Hamadan, such as; 

Burchalow, Enjilas, Hosseinabad, Lilihan, Dergazine, Zanjan and Malayer

 

 

Arak, Sultanabad & Sarouk: 

Very popular in America from the 1900s on, Arak weaving district rugs often featured floral patterns in an all-over design, with red or blue fields. Rug weave varied from coarse and loose the thick and dense with up to 300 knots per sq inch. From the late 1920s through the 1940s, many Sarouks were painted, and the "painted Sarouks," often referred to as American sarouks, were a 

 

 

 

Nain: These are generally on the higher end in thickness, coming in at an average of 350 knots per square inch, but can go up to 600 knots per square inch. The design patterns commonly feature a light cream, beige or dark blue background and are covered in various floral sprays.

 

 

 CAUCASIAN CARPETS

Caucasian rugs are made in the caucuses between The Caspian and the Black Sea. The typical caucasian weaving has around 100-250 knots per square inch. Design is primarily geometric, and most weavings were done in homes and some small workshops. These rugs are colorful, always featuring red, with bright shades of blue, yellow, brown, green, and Ivory.

Some of the msot promenent rugs go by the names Kazak, Shiravan, Kuba, Karabaugh, Lenkoran, Dagestan, Talish, 

 

 CHINESE CARPETS

 Made of wool, silk,and occasionally cotton. Chinese rugs are as low as 90 knots per square inch to over 600. The main feature is a sculpted design that is created using specialty finishing scissors and a design that includes a center medallion and corner pattern. These rugs can feature lotuses and other flower designs, drums, wheels, fans, flutes, and swords. They can also depict mountains, clouds, rocks, and characters that represent good luck. The colors in classic Chinese rugs are beige, gold, green, and rose.

 

Starting in the 1970s China began making copies of Persian/ Iranian rugs in classic Persian colors. Sino Persian rugs, as they are called in the trade, were made from lower to very high knot counts often in a mix of wool and silk 

 

INDIAN CARPETS

Sirdar: Also a design, these rugs are durable but plain pastel-colored with embossed borders. These rugs are hand-knotted in one color tone and are sized from 2 feet x 4 feet all the way up to 12 feet x 20 feet. These carpets are extremely thick and generally have 50-75 knots per square inch, making them affordable.

Indian-Savonnerie: Originated from French design, these rugs feature a central medallion in various colors of the field aside from blue or green fields. These rugs are not as intricate as Persian Rugs and feature an open pastel-shaded field, bolder and contrasting colors along the border.

Kashmir: These densely knotted rugs feature a dark center medallion in a light pastel field. These thin-piled, limp-backed rugs are made from very fine Kashmir wool and are becoming increasingly popular to export.

Chinese: These rugs are usually broken into two different types: Bengali and China, both of which feature a sculpted design that is created using specialty finishing scissors. The Bengali carpets are usually tri-colored with an ivory-colored field and usually have a medium thickness, are made of wool, and are made in various sizes up to 12 feet x 20 feet. Chinese type rugs have a heavy, all wool pile and are usually made with soft tones.

Persian and Turkoman: These rugs are predominately sold due to their functionality and reasonable price. They do not feature any specific design features or sizing.

 PAKISTANI CARPETS

Pakistani Rugs began to flourish in 1950s. Most Pakistan rug weaving is copies of other traditional rug weaving area designs. They are typically tied with Persian knots and are made of either wool or cotton, making a medium-density rug. Rugs are woven from small mat-size rugs to oversized rugs, often called palace size. 

Turkoman rug designs; The rug designs resemble Tekke, Salor, Yomut,  

Persian carpet designs; are simplistic in both design and weave quality. Featuring both Kiram and Kashan designs, these are more decorative than an everyday use rug.

 

Caucasian: Featuring bold color schemes, these rugs feature both geometrical and floral designs, and also feature a soft limp underside.

 TURKOMAN CARPETS

These rugs are made from wool or goat's hair and are considered medium to heavy rugs. In a knot range of 150- 300knots per square inch, these rugs typically come in sizes up to 5 feet x 8 feet. These rugs are mostly black and red in color with accents of blue, green, and orange. 

Tekke: These are considered the most intricately designed rugs of Turkoman Rugs. They have a gul pattern in 3-4 rows of 8-sided guls joining at intersecting points by thin lines to form a rectangle. Some features include an 8-sided emblem in which the weft side is longer, as well as angular hooks and curved edges in a stepped pattern. They have a black background and three rows of alternating red medallions, which are commonly highlighted with thin white lines.

 These rugs feature the tarantula design, mostly in a rusty red color. The borders on these rugs either show crisscross patchwork or large stubby flowers. These are typically the least complicated of all Turkoman rugs. The field of these rugs can be red, brown, blue or Ivory in color and feature 3-4 rows of guls that alternate with rows of stars. The border generally features a rosette or zig-zag pattern.

 TURKISH CARPETS

Turkish or Anatolian Rugs often feature geometric patterns and stylized figures and most rugs are woven in wool warps. While many Turkish rugs are relatively coarse125-200 knots to the inch, some weaving towns are known for their high knot court silk rugs, such as Hereke & Kayseri. The town of Hereke is known for its fine silk carpets and some examples exist with over 1,000 knots to the inch.

 

In Kayseri, art silk rugs or artificial silk rugs have been made for decades. Kayseri also makes real silk carpets, although these tend to be in the 300-knot range. 

Kayseri, Mekri, Hereke, Ghiordes, Kula, Oushak, Yahyali, Yagcibedir, Kars, .