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Oriental Rug Cleaners  

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Top Rated PDX Rug Cleaner

Oriental rug cleaning is a specialized service. Whether bringing new life to tired old rugs or a simple spring cleaning, rug owners are should seek out experienced oriental carpet cleaners. 

 

Frankly, oriental rugs differ from wall-to-wall carpets and need specialized care and cleaning by a knowledgeable cleaning specialist. Wool, silk, and other natural fibers, as well as the weaving methods, differ from synthetic broadloom carpets; the material and methods differ from in-home cleaning services 

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Oriental Rug Repair 

The proper way to repair hand-woven carpets is by hand. While meticulously and time-consuming, hand repair done right preserves the beauty and authenticity of an oriental carpet. 

 

Catching damage in the form of small repairs saves rug owners from much larger and costly repairs that may damage the value of their fine carpets.

 

Hand repairs can be expensive, so a key issue in rug repair and restoration is the value of your carpet, so it's important to make sure a rug repair person has a deep understanding of your rug and it's value  

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Types of Oriental Rugs 

 

 

 PERSIAN CARPETS

Persian rugs or Iranian carpets are one in the same Persia changed its name to Iran in 1934. Iran produces a wide range of hand-woven rugs and textiles in three distinct economic environments. 

 

  • Home workshop weaving; weavers work at home, either contracted to make rugs or their own designs to sell at the market. This includes tribal rug weaving. 

  • Village collective rug weaving workshops or employed by a company 

  • Large weaving production workshops 

 

Iran is perhaps best known for its high knot count and finely woven workshop rugs from cities such as Qum, Isfahan, Kashan, and Tabriz. Most finely woven Iranian rugs come from these cities; however, some smaller towns make equally fine rugs that are often lumped in with their big city neighbors. 

 

The variety of colors and designs in Iranian rug weaving is so broad that it's impossible to cover them all. Rug weaving is more than a job; it's woven into the fabric of Iranian society and culture, pun intended. \

 

 

Tabriz Rugs- In the NW of Iran is the city of Tabriz, with a rug weaving history that has existed for over millennia. By the 12th century, Tabriz had reached a high degree of expertise in rug weaving, and their rugs were coveted by royalty. Today the weaving tradition in Tabriz still exists, and a wide variety of rug designs are woven there, from traditional rug designs dating back hundreds of years to contemporary designs.  

 

 

Tehran Rugs- Some rug weaving has likely existed in Tehran for hundreds of years. Commercial rug production dates to the late 19th century; the rug workshops in Tehran made good rugs of medium to high knot count, similar to Kashan and other workshops. 

 

 

 

Qum Rugs- Qum has more recently, in the past 50 years, become a major rug-producing city in Iran. Qum is best known for all silk rugs made in moderate to high knot counts. Vintage rugs can be all wool or wool and silk mix, and today, many Iranians believe Qum rugs are the best Persian rugs 

 

 

Kashan Rugs-  These rugs utilize a Persian Knot and exhibit a velvet-like pile of the finest wool. Usually woven with Shah Abbas rosettes or an attractive central medallion, encased in an intricate floral design surrounded by a red field with delicate scrolls in the border.

 

 

Isfahan: These are generally the most expensive rugs produced in Iran today. They use a short, dense pile with knots exceeding 600 per sq. in. These rugs range in size from 3 feet x 5 feet to 11 feet x 16 feet and usually have a light background with pastel tones and mild tones of red and blue.

 

Mashed: Situated in the very western part of Iran, Meshed rugs are usually medium to heavy in thickness. The colors are deep reds and ground and use of deep blue to navy tones in floral design. Meshed carpets can be found in small sizes but are most common in 8x10 or larger rugs. Oversized rugs are common.  

 

Kerman: These rugs commonly feature medallions in an open field of Ivory, cream, blue, and light green. Kerman rugs are woven in all sizes from 2x3 to larger than 12x20 sizes and are generally medium to heavy in weight.

 

Shiraz: Shiraz is a collection center for the Fars province in southern Iran. Many tribal rugs are woven in the Fars province by Luri, Q'ashqai, Bakhitiari, and Khamseh. The classic shiraz rug is woven by Qashqai weavers in the area with bright reds, blue and orange colors almost exclusively on wool foundation. 

 

Gabbeh rugs: Are woven in the Fars province by Qashqai and Luri weavers, often done by contract weavers through companies such as Zollanvari rugs. Gabbeh carpets are thick and lush with excellent quality local wool from sheep ranged in the Zagros mountains.  

 

 

Hamadan Rugs

 

Hamadan is both a Provence and a town in North Western Iran. Hamadan, the district comprises some 600 villages; not all villages weave rugs indistinguishable from other villages. Many Hamadan rugs have similar weave structure, color, and wool quality. 

 

Hamadan is just east of Kurdistan and south of Persian Azerbaijan and at an elevation of 6,000 ft (1,800 M). Hamadan's history spanned more than 3,000 years; the city was an important transit point on the silk road, and it was the capital of the Median empire. In 331 B.C. Alexander the Great sacked Hamadan, then called Ecbatana.

 

It's unknown when weaving began in the Hamadan districts; the first mention of carpet weaving in Hamadan date to the 16th century.

 

It wasn't until the late 19th century that rug from Hamadan began to make their way to America in large numbers. Most rugs from the Hamadan area were of low to medium quality weave under 200 knots to the inch with a symmetrical knot and single weft. The wool and dyes were of good quality, making Hamadan rugs hard-wearing and affordable to working-class Americans.

 

  Large numbers of Hamadan rugs were imported in the 1920s as inexpensive Persian rugs, rugs the average joe could afford. The great depression dampened the rug market and the importation of Hamadan's and other Persian rugs. A wide range of rugs are made in Hamadan province, and some go by names other than Hamadan, such as;  Burchalow, Enjilas, Hosseinabad, Lilihan, Dergazine, Zanjan, Mazlaghan, Tafrish, Mehraban, Jozannahavand, and Malayer to name a few.

 

 

Arak, Sultanabad & Sarouk: 

Very popular in America from the 1900s on, Arak weaving district rugs often featured floral patterns in an all-over design, with red or blue fields. Rug weave varied from coarse and loose the thick and dense with up to 300 knots per sq inch. From the late 1920s through the 1940s, many Sarouks were painted, and the "painted Sarouks," often referred to as American sarouks

 

 

 

Nain: These are generally on the higher end in thickness, coming in at an average of 350 knots per square inch, but can go up to 600 knots per square inch. The design patterns commonly feature a light cream, beige or dark blue background and are covered in various floral sprays.

 

 

 CAUCASIAN CARPETS

Caucasian rugs are made in the caucuses between The Caspian and the Black Sea. The typical caucasian weaving has around 100-250 knots per square inch. Design is primarily geometric, and most weavings were done in homes and some small workshops. These rugs are colorful, always featuring red, with bright shades of blue, yellow, brown, green, and Ivory.

Some of the most prominent rugs go by the names Kazak, Shiravan, Kuba, Karabagh, Lenkoran, Dagestan, Talish, 

 

 CHINESE CARPETS

 Made of wool, silk, and occasionally cotton. Chinese rugs are as low as 90 knots per square inch to over 600. The main feature is a sculpted design that is created using specialty finishing scissors and a design that includes a center medallion and corner pattern. These rugs can feature lotuses and other flower designs, drums, wheels, fans, flutes, and swords. They can also depict mountains, clouds, rocks, and characters that represent good luck. The colors in classic Chinese rugs are beige, gold, green, and rose.

 

Starting in the 1970s China began making copies of Persian/ Iranian rugs in classic Persian colors. Sino Persian rugs, as they are called in the trade, were made from lower to very high knot counts often in a mix of wool and silk 

 

INDIAN CARPETS

Sirdar: Also a design, these rugs are durable but plain pastel-colored with embossed borders. These rugs are hand-knotted in one color tone and are sized from 2 feet x 4 feet all the way up to 12 feet x 20 feet. These carpets are extremely thick and generally have 50-75 knots per square inch, making them affordable.

Indian-Savonnerie: Originating from French design, these rugs feature a central medallion in various colors of the field aside from blue or green fields. These rugs are not as intricate as Persian Rugs and feature an open pastel-shaded field, bolder and contrasting colors along the border.

Kashmir: These densely knotted rugs feature a dark center medallion in a light pastel field. These thin-piled, limp-backed rugs are made from very fine Kashmir wool and are becoming increasingly popular to export.

Chinese: These rugs are usually broken into two different types: Bengali and China, both of which feature a sculpted design that is created using specialty finishing scissors. The Bengali carpets are usually tri-colored with an ivory-colored field and usually have a medium thickness, are made of wool, and are made in various sizes up to 12 feet x 20 feet. Chinese-type rugs have a heavy, all wool pile and are usually made with soft tones.

Persian and Turkoman: These rugs are predominately sold due to their functionality and reasonable price. They do not feature any specific design features or sizing.

 PAKISTANI CARPETS

Pakistani Rugs began to flourish in 1950s. Most Pakistan rug weaving is copies of other traditional rug weaving area designs. They are typically tied with Persian knots and are made of either wool or cotton, making a medium-density rug. Rugs are woven from small mat-size rugs to oversized rugs, often called palace size. 

Turkoman rug designs; The rug designs resemble Tekke, Salor, Yomut,  

Persian carpet designs; are simplistic in both design and weave quality. Featuring both Kiram and Kashan designs, these are more decorative than an everyday use rug.

 

Caucasian: Featuring bold color schemes, these rugs feature both geometrical and floral designs, and also feature a soft limp underside.

 TURKOMAN CARPETS

These rugs are made from wool or goat's hair and are considered medium to heavy rugs. In a knot range of 150- 300knots per square inch, these rugs typically come in sizes up to 5 feet x 8 feet. These rugs are mostly black and red in color with accents of blue, green, and orange. 

Tekke: These are considered the most intricately designed rugs of Turkoman Rugs. They have a gul pattern in 3-4 rows of 8-sided guls joining at intersecting points by thin lines to form a rectangle. Some features include an 8-sided emblem in which the weft side is longer, as well as angular hooks and curved edges in a stepped pattern. They have a black background and three rows of alternating red medallions, which are commonly highlighted with thin white lines.

 These rugs feature the tarantula design, mostly in a rusty red color. The borders on these rugs either show crisscross patchwork or large stubby flowers. These are typically the least complicated of all Turkoman rugs. The field of these rugs can be red, brown, blue or Ivory in color and feature 3-4 rows of guls that alternate with rows of stars. The border generally features a rosette or zig-zag pattern.

 TURKISH CARPETS

Turkish or Anatolian Rugs often feature geometric patterns and stylized figures and most rugs are woven in wool warps. While many Turkish rugs are relatively coarse125-200 knots to the inch, some weaving towns are known for their high knot court silk rugs, such as Hereke & Kayseri. The town of Hereke is known for its fine silk carpets and some examples exist with over 1,000 knots to the inch.

 

In Kayseri, art silk rugs or artificial silk rugs have been made for decades. Kayseri also makes real silk carpets, although these tend to be in the 300-knot range. 

Kayseri, Mekri, Hereke, Ghiordes, Kula, Oushak, Yahyali, Yagcibedir, Kars, .

Kilim Rug Styles 
Kilim, a word of Turkish origin, is a type of rug that is flatwoven and without pile produced by one of several flat weaving techniques that have a common or closely related heritage and are practiced in the geographical area that includes parts of Turkey (Anatolia and Thrace), North Africa, the Balkans, the Caucasus, Iran, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Central Asia, and China. In India, flatweaves are called dhurries, and many old dhurrie rugs are woven out of cotton, although newer dhurries rugs are wool.
Navajo rugs are also a type of kilim weave we commonly see, although Navajo weavings tend to have a stepped side cord and corner tassels that set them apart from Turkish kilims 
 
A similar technique is Soumak Rug. 

Soumak is a type of flat weave, somewhat resembling kilim, but with a stronger and thicker weave, a smooth front face, and a ragged back, where kilim is smooth on both sides. Soumak lacks the slits characteristic of kilim, as it is usually woven with supplementary weft threads as continuous supports.

The technique involves wrapping colored weft threads around the warp threads, adding strength and an embroidery-like pattern on the rug. While Soumak rugs are similar in look to kilim and dhurrie rugs, they tend to be thicker and denser because of their weaving. 

Soumak rugs are made in Turkey, NW Iran, and suther IranAroundthe town of Sirjan and by Baluchi weavers in Afghanistan.