Persian Rug Cleaning
What is a Persian rug?
Persian rugs are rugs that are woven in modern in modern-day Iran. Persia changed its name to Iran in 1935 so authentic Persian rugs are handwoven, made before 1935. Although most rug people still call Iranian rugs Persian and Persian rugs Iranian.
Persian rug identification can be confusing and tricky for many people, particularly those with limited experience with Persian rugs. Traditional Persian rug designs are often copied by other countries like Afghanistan, India, Pakistan, and China. Even machine-made oriental-style rugs copy Persian rug designs, so looking at a rug's design is not a sure way to identify a Persian rug from a copy.
Some basic differences difference between a Persian carpet and a copy from Inda or China. This sounds odd, but the materials are different between Iran and India, and China, Most of the carpet wool used in India and China is a type of carpet-grade Merino wool imported from New Zealand.
Fat tail sheep as the name implies stored fat in a hump on their rear tail section. Fat-tailed sheep are hardy and adaptable, able to withstand the tough challenges of arid life in the middle-east and central Asia
There are various names and sub-breeds of fat tail sheep Karakul, Kirman, Baluchi, and Moghani to name a few. Persian rug are traditionally made from these sheep the wool is coarser and thicker. The feel or "handle," of Persian carpets is thicker, heavier, and dense. As a result, the feel of Persian carpets is distinctly different from oriental rugs made with Merino.
This extends to the dyed wool. The primitive fat tail sheep breeds hold more dye the color is more saturated. The wool shows a deeper luster or sheen. It takes time to understand the qualitative difference of wool used in carpet weaving. In the rug trade, the selective breeding of Persian sheep for carpet wool, particularly in the Zagros mountains.
Are Persian rugs better than other hand-woven rugs?
Iran or Persia have made and continues to make some fantastic wool and silk rugs. It's important to remember that the type and style of rugs made in Iran are different from other countries in price and style.
Other reproducing countries make quality rugs a Nepalese or Tibetan carpet uses different wools but the look of these rugs and Himalayan wools yields a different rug and decorative look. Not a better or worse oriental rug but one that is stylistically different.
Can I buy a new Persian rug?
There has been an on-again-off embargo on Persian carpets. Sadly, since 2018 the embargo has been on again. Meaning it is illegal to import Persian rugs or Iranian rugs into the USA. It is possible for a person to buy a Persian rug abroad and carry it back with luggage to the state as a personal purchase. However, it is illegal to purchase Persian rugs outside the country and have it shipped to you from out of the country.
If discover it will be confiscated and you will lose the rug and the money you paid for the rug.
Are Persian rugs hard to clean
Persia is a large country with a variety of weaving cultures, styles of rugs, weaving, and dyeing techniques. Rug cleaning can be challenging for those unfamiliar with a variety of weaving styles and material construction. Being able to identify the origin of a rug before cleaning helps us understand the common and uncommon issues inherent in rug cleaning with specific types of rugs. It's not just identifying a rug but understanding the age of a rug some issues exist in certain time frames of rug production that work out over time certain types of synthetic dyes that are unstable for example. It's important to choose the best rug cleaner in your area suited to clean Orientals and other woven area rugs.
At Renaissance Rug Cleaning, we know the difference between Persian rugs and copies, we know the age, and Randy the owner has over 35 years of experience with Persian rugs and has traveled and worked in rug weaving countries of Iran, Turkey, and Afghanistan. Many of Portland's top rug retailers consider Renaissance to be the best rug cleaner for oriental carpets and area rugs in Portland. At Renaissance we clean area rugs full -time not as a side business,
We wash Persian rugs the old way, the way they are meant to be cleaned. This pic is from Randy's (the owner) trip to Zollanvari Gabbeh rug producer wash house in Iran. We hand wash Persian rugs the same. This is how Persian rugs are meant to be cleaned